Epigenetic Landscapes

Drawings as Metaphor

Book Pages: 280 Illustrations: 21 illustrations Published: December 2017

Science and Technology Studies > Feminist Science Studies, Theory and Philosophy > Feminist Theory

Devised in the 1940s by the biologist C. H. Waddington, the epigenetic landscape is a metaphor for how gene regulation modulates cellular development. As a scientific model, it fell out of use in the late 1960s but returned at the beginning of the twenty-first century with the advent of big-data genomic research because of its utility among scientists across the life sciences to think more creatively about and to discuss genetics. In Epigenetic Landscapes Susan Merrill Squier follows the model’s cultural trail, from its first visualization by the artist John Piper to its use beyond science. Squier examines three cases in which the metaphor has been imaginatively deployed to illustrate complex systems that link scientific and cultural practices: graphic medicine, landscape architecture, and bioArt. Challenging reductive understandings of epigenetics, Squier boldly reclaims the broader significance of the epigenetic landscape as a figure at the nexus of art, design, and science.


"A largely insightful, informative and enjoyable read . . . an academic text as well as an insightful view into the remarkable melding of science and art." — Rebecca Rahimi, Science, Medicine, and Anthropology

"Squier deserves many thanks for opening up new vistas in the history of science." — Erik L. Peterson, Isis

"Epigenetic Landscapes offers an ambitious and multivalent argument for how visual metaphor can bring plasticity, diversity, and greater complexity to processes that are all too frequently oversimplified. Its thick and multidisciplinary network of referenced artists and scholars (over 250 packed in 214 pages of main text) manifests her rhizomatic proposal well." — Andrew S. Yang, Journal of the History of Biology

"Susan Merrill Squier has great fun demolishing silos and rearranging their contents. Viewing the world through Waddington's epigenetic landscape, Squier presents us with a feminist, interactionist, reordering of some of our dearest models of reality. Be ready to question your perceptions of human development, modern art, landscape design, graphic illustration, and the relations of science, art, and nature as you enter this fascinating book." — Scott F. Gilbert, author of Developmental Biology

“In this stunning volume one of our most erudite and eloquent guides to the rapidly changing landscapes of the contemporary biological provides us with a timely and critical genealogy of epigenetics—one of the most important but elusive concepts in contemporary society. Everyone with an interest in the past and the future of biological concepts should read this book!” — Sarah Franklin, author of Biological Relatives: IVF, Stem Cells, and the Future of Kinship


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Author/Editor Bios Back to Top

Susan Merrill Squier is Brill Professor Emerita of Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies and English at Pennsylvania State University. Her many books include Communities of the Air: Radio Century, Radio Culture and Liminal Lives: Imagining the Human at the Frontiers of Biomedicine, both also published by Duke University Press; Poultry Science, Chicken Culture: A Partial Alphabet; and, as coauthor, Graphic Medicine Manifesto.

Table of Contents Back to Top
Acknowledgments  ix
Introduction. Figuring Development beyond the Gene  1
1. The Epigenetic Landscape  21
2. A New Landscape of Thought: Behind Appearance  51
3. Embryo  69
4. The Graphic Embryo  87
5. The River in the Landscape  129
6. Designing Rivers  161
7. "A Complex System of Interactions": Art Laboratory Berlin as an Epigenetic Landscape  183
Conclusion. Anastomosis  205
Notes  215
References  241
Index  259
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Additional InformationBack to Top
Paper ISBN: 978-0-8223-6872-4 / Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-6860-1
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