Misers, Shrews, and Polygamists

Sexuality and Male-Female Relations in Eighteenth-Century Chinese Fiction

Misers, Shrews, and Polygamists

Book Pages: 392 Illustrations: 6 drawings Published: March 1995

Author: Keith McMahon

Asian Studies > East Asia, Gender and Sexuality > Sex and Sexuality, Literature and Literary Studies > Literary Criticism

Having multiple wives was one of the mainstays of male privilege during the Ming and Qing dynasties of late imperial China. Based on a comprehensive reading of eighteenth-century Chinese novels and a theoretical approach grounded in poststructuralist, psychoanalytic, and feminist criticism, Misers, Shrews, and Polygamists examines how such privilege functions in these novels and provides the first full account of literary representations of sexuality and gender in pre-modern China.
In many examples of rare erotic fiction, and in other works as well-known as Dream of the Red Chamber, Keith McMahon identifies a sexual economy defined by the figures of the "miser" and the "shrew"—caricatures of the retentive, self-containing man and the overflowing, male-enervating woman. Among these and other characters, the author explores the issues surrounding the practice of polygamy, the logic of its overvaluation of masculinity, and the nature of sexuality generally in Chinese society. How does the man with many wives manage and justify his sexual authority? Why and how might he escape or limit this presumed authority, sometimes to the point of portraying himself as abject before the shrewish woman? How do women accommodate or coddle the man, or else oppose, undermine, or remold him? And in what sense does the man place himself lower than the spiritually and morally superior woman?
The most extensive English-language study of Chinese literature from the eighteenth century, this examination of polygamy will interest not only students of Chinese history, culture, and literature but also all those concerned with histories of gender and sexuality.


“One of McMahon’s great contributions in this work is that he has read more than a hundred vernacular novels from the late Ming and early Qing eras . . . and thus he is able to speak with authority about the characteristics of the eighteenth-century Chinese vernacular novel genre as a whole. In addition to identifying and categorizing character types and commenting on various constructed gender roles, he gives us a fuller view of the whole spectrum of chaste and erotic vernacular novels than does any other scholar writing in the English language.” — Jeannette L. Faurot , Journal of Asian Studies

"This book provides for the first time in English an introduction to the real complexities of the mature Chinese novel tradition. It reflects insightful new conclusions drawn on pathbreaking scholarship. McMahon has gained access to rare novels in Chinese collections that few Chinese scholars have written about; his comments are of signal importance." — Robert E. Hegel, Washington University


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Keith McMahon is Associate Professor of Chinese Language and Literature at the University of Kansas. He is the author of Causality and Containment in Seventeenth-Century Chinese Fiction.

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Paper ISBN: 978-0-8223-1566-7 / Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-1555-1
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