Shows of Force

Power, Politics, and Ideology in Art Exhibitions

Shows of Force

Book Pages: 264 Illustrations: Published: February 1992

Author: Timothy W. Luke

Activism, Art and Visual Culture > Art Criticism and Theory, Cultural Studies

It has long been considered a mark of naïveté to ask of a work of art: What does it say? But as Timothy W. Luke demonstrates in Shows of Force, artwork is capable of saying plenty, and much of the message resides in the way it is exhibited. By critically examining the exhibition of art in contemporary American museums, Luke identifies how art showings are elaborate works of theater that reveal underlying political, social, and economic agendas.
The first section, “Envisioning a Past, Imagining the West,” looks at art exhibitions devoted to artworks about or from the American West. Luke shows how these exhibitions—displaying nineteenth- and early-twentieth century works by artists such as George Caleb Bingham, Frederic Remington, Frederic Edwin Church, and Georgia O’Keefe—express contemporary political agendas in the way the portray “the past” and shape new visions of “the West.”
In “Developing the Present, Defining a World,” Luke considers artists from the post-1945 era, including Ilya Kabokov, Hans Haacke, Sue Coe, Roger Brown, and Robert Longo. Recent art exhibits, his analysis reveals, attempt to develop politically charged conceptions of the present, which in turn struggle to define the changing contemporary world and art’s various roles within it.
Luke brings to light the contradictions encoded in the exhibition of art and, in doing so, illuminates the political realities and cultural ideologies of the present. Shows of Force offers a timely and surely controversial contribution to current discussions of the politics of exhibiting art.


“With a keen eye, [Luke] examines exhibitions in the context of the political arena.” — Choice

Shows of Force is a forceful and arresting book, accessible to a whole host of people—both consumers and producers—interested in the politics of culture today.” — Ben Agger, author of Fast Capitalism

“This is a groundbreaking book for anyone interested in the cultural politics of contemporary art.” — Suzi Gablik, author of Has Modernism Failed?


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Timothy Luke, University Distinguished Professor of Political Science, Virginia Polytechnic and State University at Blacksburg, is the author of several books, including Capitalism, Democracy, and Ecology: Departing from Marx and Ecocritique: Contesting the Politics of Nature, Economy, and Culture.

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Paper ISBN: 978-0-8223-1123-2
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