War on War

Lenin, the Zimmerwald Left, and the Origins of Communist Internationalism

War on War

Book Pages: 332 Illustrations: Published: October 1989

Author: R. Craig Nation

Politics > International Relations

The outbreak of World War I precipitated a schism in the international socialist movement that endures today. Heeding calls for "rational defense," the leading European socialist democratic parties abandoned their vision of peace and internationalism as an integral part of the struggle for social justice and set aside their view of interstate war as the clearest example of the irrational essence of competitive capitalism. Only the Zimmerwald Left, led by Lenin, continued to speak out for internationalism. R. Craig Nation utilizes sources in Dutch, French, German, Italian, Russian, and Swedish to provide the first comprehensive history of the Zimmerwald Left as an international political tendency.


War on War is the most comprehensive study to date on the great socialist struggle against war that began at the Zimmerwald Conference in 1915. Dismissed by contemporaries and all too many historians as a mere defeatist grouplet of the Second International, the Zimmerwald Left led by Lenin emerges in Nation’s book as a noble if doomed tendency within European social democracy.” — Woodford McClellan


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Price: $84.95

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