Women and Gender Equity in Development Theory and Practice

Institutions, Resources, and Mobilization

Women and Gender Equity in Development Theory and Practice

Book Pages: 376 Illustrations: 6 tables, 4 figures Published: March 2006

Economics, Gender and Sexuality > Feminism and Women’s Studies, Politics > Political Science

Seeking to catalyze innovative thinking and practice within the field of women and gender in development, editors Jane S. Jaquette and Gale Summerfield have brought together scholars, policymakers, and development workers to reflect on where the field is today and where it is headed. The contributors draw from their experiences and research in Latin America, Asia, and Africa to illuminate the connections between women’s well-being and globalization, environmental conservation, land rights, access to information technology, employment, and poverty alleviation.

Highlighting key institutional issues, contributors analyze the two approaches that dominate the field: women in development (WID) and gender and development (GAD). They assess the results of gender mainstreaming, the difficulties that development agencies have translating gender rhetoric into equity in practice, and the conflicts between gender and the reassertion of indigenous cultural identities. Focusing on resource allocation, contributors explore the gendered effects of land privatization, the need to challenge cultural traditions that impede women’s ability to assert their legal rights, and women’s access to bureaucratic levers of power. Several essays consider women’s mobilizations, including a project to provide Internet access and communications strategies to African NGOs run by women. In the final essay, Irene Tinker, one of the field’s founders, reflects on the interactions between policy innovation and women’s organizing over the three decades since women became a focus of development work. Together the contributors bridge theory and practice to point toward productive new strategies for women and gender in development.

Contributors. Maruja Barrig, Sylvia Chant, Louise Fortmann, David Hirschmann, Jane S. Jaquette, Diana Lee-Smith, Audrey Lustgarten, Doe Mayer, Faranak Miraftab, Muadi Mukenge, Barbara Pillsbury, Amara Pongsapich, Elisabeth Prügl, Kirk R. Smith, Kathleen Staudt, Gale Summerfield, Irene Tinker, Catalina Hinchey Trujillo


“Earlier studies failed to adequately place this broad field of knowledge in its proper geopolitical context, and Jaquette and Summerfield do just that. . . . This book is useful for graduate and undergraduate courses in gender, development, globalization and postcolonial studies as well as for scholars, policymakers and practitioners who work in the field.” — Amy Lind, Journal of Latin American Studies

“The papers in this book are well-written and highly readable, and provide many interesting case studies. It would serve as an excellent text on any Development Studies or Gender and Development course. The collection should also appeal to academics engaged in more in-depth research, and also to policy makers who want to avoid some of the pitfalls of failing to effectively integrate gender issues into their practice.” — Jasmine Gideon, Progress in Development Studies

“This book, originally conceived at a conference in 1994, should form the platform for new meetings of human rights and development researchers and activists.” — Hanna Beate Schöpp-Schilling, International Feminist Journal of Politics

“This rich collection of essays, enhanced by an excellent bibliography, will be of lasting value both to readers with long experience in the fields that it covers and to those for whom this is new terrain. I already look forward to re-reading it.” — Deborah Eade, Development in Practice

"[A]n important set of reflections on the key issues and concerns about women and gender and development over the last three decades. . . . It will no doubt be an important gender and development reference for those teaching undergraduate courses on development and policy-makers who are reflecting on where the field stands after three decades of gender and development projects and programs." — Wendy Harcourt, Feminist Economics

“This is an outstanding collection of well-organized, thoughtfully developed chapters that, taken together, greatly enhance our understanding of the current state of gender equity issues in developing countries.” — Linda K Richter Perspectives on Political Science

“This book begins with a very important question: is there a crisis in the gender and development field despite its large expansion and growing complexity? The different contributors address this question, directly or indirectly, from an interdisciplinary perspective. From the analysis of changing institutions to the control of resources, political participation, gender mainstreaming, and many other relevant themes, the book makes an excellent contribution to the historical analysis of the field and its current developments and tensions. There is much food for thought here.” — Lourdes Benería, author of Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as if All People Mattered

“This excellent collection by leading scholars and policy actors sets the ongoing gender and development debate in the context of the changing international political and policy climate. In bringing different regional perspectives to bear on the new challenges facing gender justice advocates, it updates critical thinking on the urgency of applying gender analysis to development policy, human security, and globalization.” — Maxine Molyneux, author of Women’s Movements in International Perspective: Latin America and Beyond

“This important collection provides a much-needed fresh look at women, gender, and development. Jane S. Jaquette and Gale Summerfield’s overview chapter is superb.” — Valentine M. Moghadam, UNESCO


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Author/Editor Bios Back to Top

Jane S. Jaquette is Bertha Harton Orr Professor in the Liberal Arts and Professor of Politics at Occidental College in Los Angeles. She is the editor of The Women’s Movement in Latin America: Feminism and the Transition to Democracy and a coeditor of Women and Democracy: Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe.

Gale Summerfield is Director of the Women and Gender in Global Perspectives Program and Associate Professor in Human and Community Development at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. She is a coeditor of Women’s Rights to House and Land: China, Laos, Vietnam and Women in the Age of Economic Transformation: Gender Impact of Reforms in Post-Socialist and Developing Countries.

Table of Contents Back to Top
Preface and Acknowledgments vii

Introduction / Jane S. Jaquette and Gale Summerfield 1

I. Institutional Opportunities and Barriers 15

Women, Gender, and Development / Jane S. Jaquette and Kathleen Staudt 17

Mainstreaming Gender in International Organizations / Elisabeth Prugl and Audrey Lustgarten 53

From “Home Economics” to “Microfianace:; Gender Rhetoric and the Bureaucratic Resistance / David Hirschmann 71

Contributions of a Gender Perspective to the Analysis of Poverty / Sylvia Chant 87

What is Justice? Indigenous Women in Andean Development Projects / Maruja Barrig 107

II. Livelihood and Control of Resouces 135

Gender Equity and Rural Land Reform In China / Gale Summerfield 137

Unequal Rights: Women and Property / Diana Lee-Smith and Catalina Hinchey Trujillo 159

On Loan from Home: Women’s Participation in Formulating Human Settlements Policies / Faranak Miraftab 173

In Theory and in Practice: Women Creating Better Accounts of the World / Louise Fortmann 191

Women’s Work: The Kitchen Kills More than the Sword / Kirk R. Smith 202

III. Women’s Mobilization and Power 217

Women’s Movements in the Globalizing World: The Case of Thailand / Amara Pongsapich 219

T-Shirts to Web Links: Women Connect! Communications Capacity-Building with Women’s NGOs / Doe Mayer, Barbara Pillsbury, and Muadi Mukenge 240

Empowerment Just Happened: The Unexpected Expansion of Women’s Organizations / Irene Tinker 268

Acronyms 303

Bibliography 306

Contributors 352

Index 357
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Additional InformationBack to Top
Paper ISBN: 978-0-8223-3698-3 / Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-3700-3
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