Parties and Elections in Greece

The Search for Legitimacy

Parties and Elections in Greece

Book Pages: 285 Illustrations: Published: February 1988

Author: Richard Clogg

European Studies, Politics > Political Science

Although Greece acquired the formal institutions of liberal constitutional democracy early in her independent history, her politics have been characterized by clientelism, instability and frequent military intervention. The most blatant instance of 'praetorianism' was the military dictatorship of 1967-74. Yet in the years since the Colonels' downfall, the political system appears to have acquired a new legitimacy. Although many features of the 'old' politics remain, recent years have seen the collapse of the traditional centre and the emergence of new political formations, reflecting the rapid pace of post-war socio-economic change. And 1981 saw the election by a convincing majority of a socialist government, the first ever in Greece, committed to radical domestic transformation and to a major reorientation of external relations.



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Table of Contents Back to Top
Preface vii

Checklist of Parties xi


1. The Historical Context 1

2. Post-War Elections, I. 1946-1964 17

3. Post-War Election, II. 1974-1985 55

4. Panellinio Socialistiko Kinima (PASOK) 122

5. Nea Dimokratia (ND) 149

6. The Communist Parties (KKE and KKE-es) 171

7. The Minor Parties 182

8. The Electoral System and Post-War Plebiscites 192

9. Afterward 211


I. Positions of the Three Main Parties 217

II. Key Economic and Social Indicators 241

III. Political 'Families' 245

IV. Regional Distribution of PASOK, ND and KKE vote, 1974 and 1981 246

V. Consolidated Results of National Elections, 1946-1985 252

Select Bibliography 155

Index 264
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Paper ISBN: 978-0-8223-0823-2 / Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-0794-5
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