Protestantism and Politics in Eastern Europe and Russia

The Communist and Post-Communist Eras

Protestantism and Politics in Eastern Europe and Russia

Book Pages: 408 Illustrations: Published: December 1992

European Studies > Eastern Europe and Russia, Politics > Political Science, Religious Studies

Coming at a time of enormous transformations in the one-time Communist bloc, this volume provides a much-needed perspective on the significance of church-state relations in the renaissance of civil society in the region. The essays collected here accentuate the peculiarly political character of Protestantism within Communist systems. With few identifiable leaders, a multiplicity of denominations, and a tendency away from hierarchical structures, the Protestant churches presents a remarkably diverse pattern of church-state relations. Consequently, the longtime coexistence of Protestantism and Communism in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union affords numerous examples of political accommodation and theological adaption that both reflect and foreshadow the dramatic changes of the 1990s.
Based on extensive field research, including interviews with notable figures in the Protestant churches in the region, the essays in this volume address broad topics such as the church's involvment in environmentalism, pacifism, and other dissident movements, as well as issues particular to Russia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, (1949–1989), Hungary, Yugoslavia (1945-1991), Bulgaria, and Romania. The final volume in the three-volume work "Christianity Under Stress," Protestantism and Politics in Eastern Europe and Russia will prove invaluable to anyone hoping to understand not only the workings of religion under Communism, but the historical and contemporary interactions of church and state in general.

Contributors. Paul Bock, Lawrence Klippenstein, Paul Mojzes, Earl A. Pope, Joseph Pungur, Sabrina Petra Ramet, Walter Sawatsky, N. Gerald Shenk, Gerd Stricker, Sape A. Zylstra



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Sabrina P. Ramet is Professor of International Studies at the University of Washington. She is the author and editor of numerous books, including Nihil Obstat (Duke University Press).

Table of Contents Back to Top
Preface ix

Protestantism and Communism: Patterns of Interaction in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union / Sabrina Petra Ramet 1

Protestantism: Theology and Politics / Sape A. Zylstra 11

Protestantism in East Germany, 1949-1989: A Summing Up / Sabrina Petra Ramet 40

Protestantism in Czechoslovakia and Poland / Paul Bock 73

Protestantism in Hungary: The Communist Era / Joseph Pungar 107

Protestantism in Romania / Earl A. Pope 157

Protestantism in Bulgaria and Yugoslavia Since 1945 / Paul Mojzes and N. Gerald Shenk 209

Protestantism in the USSR / Walter Sawatsky 237

Conscientious Objectors in Eastern Europe: The Quest for Free Choice and Alternative Service / Lawrence Klippenstein 276

The new Church-State Configuration in Eastern Europe / Sabrina Petra Ramet 310

Afterword / Gerd Stricker 330

Notes 353

Index 409

Contributors 439
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Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-1241-3
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