The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers, Volume XI

The Caribbean Diaspora, 1910–1920

The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers, Volume XI

Book Pages: 1128 Illustrations: 55 illustrations, 11 tables, 20 maps Published: July 2011

Author: Marcus Garvey

Editor: Robert A. Hill

African American Studies and Black Diaspora, Caribbean Studies, History > U.S. History

With Volume XI: The Caribbean Diaspora, 1910–1920, Duke University Press proudly assumes publication of the final volumes of The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. This invaluable archival project documents the impact and spread of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), the organization founded by Marcus Garvey in 1914 and led by him until his death in 1940. Volume XI is the first to focus on the Caribbean, where the UNIA was represented by more than 170 divisions and chapters. Revealing the connections between the major African-American mass movement of the interwar era and the struggle of the Caribbean people for independence, this volume includes the letters, speeches, and writings of Caribbean Garveyites and their opponents, as well as documents and speeches by Garvey, newspaper articles, colonial correspondence and memoranda, and government investigative records. Volume XI covers the period from 1911, when a controversy was ignited in Limon, Costa Rica, in response to a letter that Garvey sent to the Limon Times, until 1920, when workers on the Panama Canal undertook a strike sponsored in part by the UNIA. The primary documents are extensively annotated, and the volume includes twenty-two critical commentaries on the territories covered in the book, from the Bahamas to Guatemala, and Haiti to Brazil. A trove of scholarly resources, Volume XI: The Caribbean Diaspora, 1910–1920 illuminates another chapter in the history of one the world’s most important social movements.

Praise for the Previous Volumes:
“The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers will take its place among the most important records of the Afro-American experience. . . . ‘The Marcus Garvey Papers’ lays the groundwork for a long overdue reassessment of Marcus Garvey and the legacy of racial pride, nationalism and concern with Africa he bequeathed to today’s black community.”—Eric Foner, the New York Times Book Review

“Until the publication of The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers, many of the documents necessary for a full assessment of Garvey’s thought or of his movement’s significance have not been easily accessible. Robert A. Hill and his staff . . . have gathered over 30,000 documents from libraries and other sources in many countries. . . . The Garvey papers will reshape our understanding of the history of black nationalism and perhaps increase our understanding of contemporary black politics.”—Clayborne Carson, the Nation

“Now is our chance, through these important volumes, to finally begin to come to terms with the significance of Garvey’s complex, fascinating career and the meaning of the movement he built.”—Lawrence W. Levine, the New Republic


The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers: The Caribbean Diaspora, 1910–1920 is a valuable resource for scholars and students of the man and the movement. Though not an exhaustive compilation of documents from the period, the historical commentaries, chronologies, and primary documents in this volume serve as a thorough introduction to this important period in history and successfully integrates the history of Garvey and his impact on the global African diaspora into world history.” — Glenn A. Chambers, Journal of World History

"By making such archival material widely available, the much-anticipated 'Caribbean Series' . . . is sure to expand the study of what Emory Tolbert has called 'outpost Garveyism' in the Caribbean' . . .  Researches interested in a variety of questions about the daily experiences of West Indians at home and abroad will benefit from The UNIA Papers' latest edition." — Frances Peace Sullivan, Caribbean Studies

“With more than four hundred documents to support Hill’s insights, The Caribbean Diaspora, 1910–1920 is a treasure trove for scholars. . . . This volume is a superb addition to The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. The documents and the generalintroduction continue to shed new light upon the complex leader and the activities of the organization. The scholarly community will be intriguedby this new installment and will eagerly await the publication of the other volumes in the Caribbean series and the completion of the collection.” — Shawn Leigh Alexander, Journal of American History

"The wealth of primary sources is extraordinary and the information presented is annotated extremely thoroughly. A reader of this volume, as well as Volumes XII and XIII, could not ask for more careful and detailed notes,which add context and deeper meaning to the included sources." — Catherine B. Abbott, Nova Religio


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Price: $125.00

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Robert A. Hill is Professor of History and Editor-in-Chief and Project Director of The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers Project at the University of California, Los Angeles, James S. Coleman African Studies Center.

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Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-4690-6
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