The Tatars of Crimea

Return to the Homeland

The Tatars of Crimea

Central Asia Book Series

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Book Pages: 400 Illustrations: 8 b&w photographs, 13 illustrations Published: February 1998

History > European History, Middle East Studies

This new edition of Edward A. Allworth’s The Tatars of Crimea has been extensively updated. Five new chapters examine the situation of Crimean Tatars since the breakup of the USSR in 1991 and detail the continuing struggle of the Tatars to find peace and acceptance in a homeland.
Contributors to this volume—almost half of whom are Tatars—discuss the problematic results of the partial Tatar return to Crimea that began in the 1980s. This incomplete migration has left the group geographically split and has complicated their desire for stability as a people, whether in their own homeland or in the Central Asian diaspora. Those who have returned to the region on the Black Sea in Ukrayina (formerly Ukraine) have found themselves engulfed in a hostile political environment dominated by Russian residents attempting to stifle the resurgence of Crimean Tatar life. Specific essays address the current political situation in and around Crimea, recent elections, and promising developments in the culture, leadership, and movement toward unity among Crimean Tatars.
Beyond demonstrating the problems of one nationality caught in a fierce power struggle, The Tatars of Crimea offers an example of the challenges faced by all nationalities of the former Soviet Union who now contend with deteriorating economic and political conditions, flagrant discrimination against ethnic minorities, and the denial of civil and human rights common in many of the newly independent states.

Contributors. Ludmilla Alexeyeva, Edward A. Allworth, Mübeyyin Batu Altan, Nermin Eren, Alan W. Fisher, Riza Gülüm, Seyit Ahmet Kirimca, Edward Lazzerini, Peter Reddaway, Ayshe Seytmuratova, Andrew Wilson



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Author/Editor Bios Back to Top

Edward A. Allworth is Professor Emeritus of Turco-Soviet Studies at Columbia University. He is also a member of the Executive Committee of the Harriman Institute and of the Center for the Study of Central Asia at Columbia University.

Table of Contents Back to Top
Central Asia Book Series vii

Preface xi

1. Renewing Self-Awareness / Edward A. Allworth 1

I. Forming a Modern Identity 27

2. A Model Leader for Asia, Ismail Gaspirali / Alan W. Fisher 29

3. Ismail Bey Gasprinskii (Gaspirali): The Discourse of Modernism and the Russians / Edward J. Lazzerini 48

4. Symbols: The National Anthem and Patriotic Songs by Three Poets / Seyit Ahmet Kirimca 71

5. Rituals: Artistic, Cultural, and Social Activity / Riza Gülüm 84

6. Structures: The Importance of Family—a Personal Memoir / Mübeyyin Batu Altan 99

7. Documents about Forming a Modern Identity 110

II. The Ordeal of Forced Exile 153

8. The Elders of the New National Movement: Recollections / Ayshe Seythmuratova 155

9. Mass Exile, Ethnocide, Group Derogation: Anomaly or Norm in Soviet Nationality Policies? / Edward A. Allworth 180

10. Mustafa Jemiloglu, His Character and Convictions / Ludmilla Alexeyeva 206

11. The Crimean Tatar Drive for Repatriation: Some Comparisons with Other Movements of Dissent in the Soviet Union / Peter Reddaway 226

12. Documents about the Ordeal of Forced Exile 237

III. Returning to Crimea 249

13. The Elusive Homeland / Edward A. Allworth 251

14. Politics in and around Crimea: A Difficult Homecoming / Andrew Wilson 281

15. Crimean Tatar Communities Abroad / Nirmin Eren 323

16. Documents about Returning to Crimea 352

Bibliography of Recent Publications in English about Crimea 361

Notes on the Authors 371

Index 375
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Paper ISBN: 978-0-8223-1994-8 / Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-1985-6
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